Since I discussed color-coding your Holdem Manager HUD, I kept reminding myself to also post the color ranges for individual poker stats. A couple of readers who are new to poker contacted me for the same reason as well and today I finally decided to publish the optimal range of each statistic.

You see, when I began playing online poker and studied about VPIP, PFR and W$SD% stats I had trouble finding the correct numbers for each of those. We all read that having a high VPIP is a no-no and a quick way to the poor house, but what does “high VPIP” exactly mean? Granted if you have been doing your homework, you already know that optimal VPIP percentage is between 18 and 22 at 6-max tables. But what about 3bet percentage, or steal, or even Fold to Turn Continuation Bet?

Reading a bunch of stats in your poker HUD doesn’t help much unless you know what those figures actually mean.

For the impatient poker players out there, you can download my personal Holdem Manager HUD including all the color coding you’ll read further below and import it in your poker software.

First I need to make a reference to the LeakBuster application of Holdem Manager.

LeakBuster is a small add-on of HEM 2 which promises to find your leaks when it scans your poker hands. Unfortunately you have to pay to grab it but several players have found it extremely helpful. Obviously, the more experienced player you are, the less use you’ll find of the software.

All that LeakBuster does is compare your personal statistics to the optimal ranges and point out the stats that deviate from the average expected figures.

Still it’s packed with many analysis’ pages and sophisticated filters that will definitely make an impact in your game, especially if you are a losing player. You could manually create these kinds of filters, but what you pay for is the time and effort to do all that.


But enough with LeakBuster. Let’s move on to the HUD and the optimal ranges of the stats.

Open Holdem Manager 2, go to HUD options and then select Stat Appearance from the left vertical menu. Default 2.0 HUD should have already been chosen, so you already have some stats to work with.

First, an example with VPIP statistic:

TOT VPIP: 14/18/25/31/inf

Alright, what does that mean? TOT VPIP is of course Voluntarily Put (money $) In Pot %. If that percentage is low you are playing tight, if it’s high you are playing very loose – and probably losing money. Clicking on that VPIP, you’ll notice three colors on the right, red for less than 15, orange for 15-30 and green for more than 30. These are called color ranges.

However this range is a very general one, as you can’t adapt your play whether the villain has a 16% VPIP or 28% VPIP.

What you need to do is create two additional ranges and change the ones found already. Set red for Less than 14, orange for between 14 and 18, blue for 18-25, yellow for 25-31 and green for more than 31%. Now each time you meet a player with a red VPIP stat in your HUD, treat that person as a super tight player.

Note again, I’m talking about 6-max games. When another player’s VPIP stat is colored green, you instantly know he is playing very loose; go for value against him.

The colors I have used in all of my HUD’s stats follow the same pattern, red-orange-blue-yellow-green going from low’s to high’s. Depending on the stat in question, red may lead to a different strategy.

For instance, a red VPIP means villain plays few hands but a low SB Fold to Steal (also red) means they are playing a lot of hands from the small blind. Therefore we have to continue with only premium hands against this opponent, except when he is defending from the small blind!

Here are all the stats and their color ranges in my Holdem Manager HUD:

TOT PFR: 10/14/20/25/inf

TOT 3bet: 4/5.8/9/12/inf

TOT 4bet Range: 1.6/2.8/inf (3 ranges)

EP RFI: 9/13/19/23/inf

MP RFI: 11/17/22/26/inf

PostFlop AggFactor: 1.8/2.3/4.1/5/inf

PostFlop Agg%: 28/34/40/47/inf

Turn Agg%: 22/27/37/44/inf

River Agg%: 19/22/30/36/inf

TOT Fold to 3bet: 45/67/80/86/inf

Flop Cbet: 53/62/75/80/inf

Flop Fold to Cbet: 40/48/63/68/inf

Turn Cbet: 31/39/53/58/inf

Turn Fold to Cbet: 30/36/48/56/inf

WonSD%: 49/51/58.6/61/inf

TOT Steal: 28.5/31.28/40.2/41.8/inf

SB Fold to Steal: 75/89/inf (3 ranges)

BB Resteal: 7.6/13.6/inf (3 ranges)

TOT Squeeze: 4.5/7.6/inf (3 ranges)

Regarding the poker stats with just 3 color ranges, I would choose red – blue – green to define them.

In conclusion, when a villain’s stat is shown in blue, they are playing optimally on that particular section of the game. This means when you play against a player with blue TOT Steal%, you need to pay close attention to their game each time they try stealing the blinds, since they are stealing at the optimal frequency percentage!

See how this poker HUD is finding my leaks!

Get my Posts in Your Email For Free!

I will deliver my posts straight to your inbox as soon as they're published.

  • Alexandre Trepanier

    Awesome Thread!!

  • Alexandre Trepanier

    But I’d like to know where on your site I can find your hud with your awesome code color ranges ? 😛

    • Thank you for your comment, Alexandre! I can forward the HUD to your email address (available to me via Disqus – no need to share it publicly), given it’s still in my computer’s hard drive. It’s been months since I last played online poker…

      • Alexandre Trepanier

        how do i send a private message on disqus ? lol I have been searching and couldnt find… is it possible ?

  • Jakob Fuchs

    Very useful article, thanks for this.

    At what sample size would you treat those stats as reliable/useful? If the 3bet stat is high after 200 hands for example it could just mean the opponent got dealt big pocket pairs more than usual.

    In HEM2 there’s an option to blank out stats until you have an x amount of samples for the particular action.

    I normally set the HUD to appear after 20 Hands on an opponent and then gradually blend in stats but I am not really sure about the amount of samples.

    • Well, I’d say that each stat requires a sample size of 20 hands to begin heaving a meaning. Yet, that doesn’t mean every stat is reliable after 20 hands of actual play. While VPIP and PFR stats for example do follow this rule, more specific stats, such as 3-bet and folded or C-raised turn, require a lot more hands of actual play, given how less often that specific situations arise. We need 20 samples of the specific action that each stat refers to.

      Blanking out stats the way you describe is a useful way to avoid mixing your game unnecessarily.

      Thank you for your comment Jakob.

  • Thanks for your comment. I’m away from my poker workstation at this time to check my stats; I’ll get you a proper reply when I get back home in late August.

  • Josh Earsley

    This is nice. I like the detail in each stat. I’m with you as well in keeping a few stats with only 3 colors. It simplifies things. Especially since I’ve stopped playing for a while. You mentioned this was for 6-max. How much different for full-table MTTs? I’m making adjustments and would appreciate your input.

    • MTTs are totally different in regards to HUD/stats. Although I am not that experienced in tournament play, I remember that I had to keep track of the most basic stats. Since the limited number of hands and time I spend with the same players make any… sophisticated statistic such as fold-to-turn-reraise useless, I focused on VPIP, cbet% and stealing stats. You can’t be THAT creative in tournaments and try some river-bluff raises, or it will cost you dearly.

  • Hi again @disqus_udmuKheblf:disqus.

    I suppose the most important stat at the river should be the WentToShowdown%. By the time you both see the river card, you must have already profiled your villain. Is it a calling station or is him calling the flop AND turn unexpected? If he’s generally calling the first two streets and his WtSD% is high, he’s calling a lot of river cards. If not, he’s giving up on the river. If he’s not calling flops and turns that often and you find yourself against him by the last card on the felt… I wouldn’t thin value, triple barrel him or call him light.

  • Josh Earsley

    Thanks Jim